Many of the symptoms are general and may relate to a non-cancerous kidney or urinary tract problems.

Most kidney cancer does not cause pain until the advanced stages. Many people with kidney cancer are not aware they have a tumour until they have a test for another health problem.

Always talk to your doctor if you are experiencing any of these signs or symptoms:

  • blood in the urine – called haematuria
  • changes in urine colour to dark, rusty or brown
  • lower back pain which is not linked with an injury
  • abdominal pain (belly area)
  • a mass or lump in the belly or abdominal area
  • constant tiredness
  • rapid, unplanned weight loss
  • fever which is not linked with any other conditions
  • swelling of abdomen, outer body parts, e.g. ankles, legs and wrists and/or a testicle
  • anaemia – low red blood cell count

Kidney Cancer Support Service – 1800 454 363or email if you have questions about kidney cancer